Laparoscopy for Gynecology
What is Laparoscopy?
Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive technique that avoids large abdominal incisions. It is typically an outpatient surgery. After a brief recovery period, most patients go home the same day.
The laparoscope (a lighted tube used to view the inside of the abdominal cavity) is inserted through a small incision in the bellybutton. The abdomen is then filled with carbon dioxide gas to lift the abdominal walls making it easier to view the pelvic organs. Additional small incisions may be made if other instruments are needed.
Once the laparoscopy is completed, most of the gas will be removed from the abdomen and the incisions are closed.
How is Laparoscopy Used in Gynecology?
Laparoscopy may be used to observe the pelvic organs and treat conditions such as endometriosis, adhesions, pelvic inflammatory disease or infertility.
The following procedures may also be performed through laparoscopy:
- Tubal sterilization
- Lysis (surgical separation) of adhesions
- Ablation or resection of endometriosis
- Ectopic pregnancy removal
- Ovarian cyst or ovary removal
- Removal of benign ovarian tumors
- Removal of fibroids
Risks of Laparoscopy in Gynecology
Laparoscopy in gynecology offers many advantages. Recovery time is greatly reduced, pain is minimal and overnight hospitalization is usually not required.
However, like any procedure, laparoscopy is not without risk. There is a small chance of bleeding at the incision site, infection, and injury to major blood vessels or organs.
Not every gynecology patient is a candidate for laparoscopy. Your gynecologist will discuss treatment options and whether or not laparoscopy is right for you.