ColposcopyColposcopy is a way for your doctor to look closely for abnormal cells that may require a biopsy for more lab testing.

When is colposcopy recommended?

Your GYN may recommend a colposcopy if your Pap test has abnormal results. If the colposcopy reveals abnormal cells, they can be biopsied for a diagnosis.

What issues can colposcopy be used to diagnose?

  • Cervical cancer
  • Genital warts
  • Inflammation of the cervix
  • Changes in the cervix, vagina or vulva that could be precancerous
  • Vaginal cancer
  • Vulvar cancer

What happens during a colposcopy?

Colpsocopy can often be done in your GYN’s office and usually takes less than 20 minutes to perform. You GYN will position the colposcope, a lighted magnifying instrument, to view your cervix through a speculum inserted into your vagina. The area is swabbed to remove any mucus; another solution is then applied to the cervix highlight areas with suspicious cells.

If anything is found that needs further testing, a tissue sample or samples may be taken with a biopsy instrument. You may feel a little pain or pressure.

What happens after a colposcopy?

You may have some spotting or light bleeding after the colposcopy but it should clear up within a few days. If you’ve had a biopsy, avoid tampons, douching and vaginal intercourse for a week after the biopsy.

The results of your colposcopy will determine your next treatment steps.