Copper IUDs

The Cooper IUD is inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy.

Copper IUDs can be a coil, loop, triangle, or T in shape made of copper.

What side effects can a Copper IUD cause?

  • Pain when Copper IUD is inserted
  • Cramping or backaches for a few days after Copper IUD is put in
  • Spotting between periods
  • Irregular periods
  • Heavier periods and worse menstrual cramps

Are periods regular when using Copper IUDs?

Copper IUDs may cause an increase in cramps during menstruation. These cramps should clear up in 3 to 6 months. If cramping seems unbearable at any time, a physician should be consulted.
Irregular bleeding and spotting could also last for the first 3 to 6 months after insertion. Copper IUDs can cause irregular periods and if there is heavy bleeding and clotting, a physician should be consulted.

Can pregnancy happen when using Copper IUDs?

If pregnancy occurs while using a Copper IUD, there is a risk of ectopic pregnancy (fetus develops outside the uterus, usually the fallopian tubes) The pregnancy usually results in a miscarriage or surgery to remove the fetus from the fallopian tube and losing the use of that tube since it will be removed.

How long does it take to get pregnant after a Copper IUD is removed?

Conception, after the Copper IUD is removed, usually takes a healthy couple 4 to 6 months. Eighty-five to ninety percent will conceive after one year.

How effective are Copper IUDs?

Copper IUDs are placed within 7 days of the start of the menstrual cycle and is 99% effective as contraception.

Is sex painful when using Copper IUDs?

There is no reason why Copper IUDs would cause discomfort or pain during sexual intercourse unless there is cramping. This discomfort would on occur during the first few weeks after insertion.
The male partner could experience discomfort during sex if the Copper IUD starts to come out through the cervix.

What complications can Copper IUDs cause?

  • Perforation– rarely a Copper IUD may push through the wall of the uterus during insertion/this issue would be discovered and corrected right away
  • Infection– there is some risk of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) linked to IUD use
  • Expulsion-Copper IUDs could partially or completely slip out of the uterus

How much do Copper IUDs cost and does insurance pay for it?

Copper IUDs can cost anywhere between $0 to $1,300. This range is based on total insurance coverage to no insurance coverage. The good news is that many insurance plans and Medicaid do cover the total cost of the Copper IUDs. When comparing the cost of monthly pills or patches, Copper IUDs would be more cost-effective for insurance companies and government programs.

How long can Copper IUDs be used before being removed?

Copper IUS can stay in the uterus for up to 10 years and this is longer than any other IUD. Copper IUDs can be removed at any time or a new IUD can be reinserted at the time of removal from the previous one.

Contact your OBGYN at Texas Healthcare to learn more about Copper IUDs.