Some women worry about the discomfort of a pap smear, but there are 3 key things women can do to make pap smears more comfortable.
Bed rest is often prescribed for women during pregnancy to alleviate or avoid certain complications which may arise. Some women may expect it because of their medical history.
Pap smears, or pap tests, is a screening test for cervical cancer. It tests for cancerous or precancerous cells on the opening of the uterus (the cervix).
Kegel exercises help to strengthen the pelvic muscles. These muscles support the rectum, small intestine, bladder, and uterus. They can help to prevent weakening of the pelvic floor muscles and urinary incontinence. Kegel exercises can be done just about anywhere.
Breast fibroids are small sacs of fluid which can sometimes develop in the breasts. Fibroids are most common in pre-menopausal women.
What Is A Urinary Tract Infection? The urinary system extracts waste products, disinfects the body and keeps its fluid levels balanced. A urinary tract infection (UTI) is the second most common type of human infection. It occurs when bacteria enter the urinary tract. The intestinal bacteria, Escherichia coli is the cause of almost 90% of urinary tract infections. Types of UTI There are several different types of UTO, including: Urethritis: a bacterial infection of the urethra. Cystitis: a bacterial bladder infection that has spread from the urethra. Pyelonephritis: a bacterial kidney infection resulting from the spread of bacteria from the bladder or urinary tract. Common causes of urinary tract infections Women are particularly susceptible to UTIs. 1 in 5 women will develop a UTI during her lifetime. The main reason for this is because women’s urethras are shorter than men’s and therefore more prone to contact with bacteria from the anus and vagina. Infrequent urination can also cause cystitis. Symptoms of urinary tract infections Symptoms of a UTI may include frequent urges to urinate, burning or pain during urination, and shakiness, tiredness, or fever. In more severe cases there may be blood in the urine. If the UTI causes a kidney infection, additional symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, back pain and fever. Treatment for UTI When a patient is diagnosed with a urinary tract infection, the doctor will usually prescribe a course of oral antibiotics and recommend that the patient drinks plenty of fluids to ensure regular urination. If the condition worsens or recurs, a more prolonged course of antibiotic treatment may be needed. Though this complication is uncommon, if the infection affects the kidneys, hospital care may be required. Individuals are a [...]
Ditching The Burden Of Painful PeriodsMost women experience some level of discomfort during their menstrual cycle. For 15% of women, period pains are so uncomfortable that they interfere with work and other daily activities. For some women, menstrual pain lessens after pregnancy, but for many, it continues through to menopause. The monthly mayhem of menstrual crampsPeriod pains can begin 24 hours before a period starts. They occur because of the body’s production of prostaglandins increases. These hormones cause the uterus to contract. During each contraction, the body’s blood supply to the uterus is momentarily cut off. This deprives the uterus muscle of oxygen causing menstrual cramps. Over-the-counter pain relievers can ease painful periods. However, some women may not want to rely on medication. In this case, there are lifestyle changes that will help reduce and eventually prevent menstrual cramps.Keeping everything moving with a high fiber dietA high fiber diet is not just beneficial for digestion; it can also help ease period pains. Combined with a low-fat diet, high fiber intake can help lower estrogen levels. Once estrogen and progesterone have been used by the reproductive system, they are processed through the liver and pass through the intestines. Irregular bowel movements mean that the hormones can get reabsorbed into the body, throwing off the healthy balance of hormones. Women who suffer from painful periods should eat plenty of high-fiber foods like beans, whole grains, legumes, fruits, vegetables, seeds, and nuts. These foods allow used estrogen and progesterone to be eliminated from the body before they can be reabsorbed. Keeping the hormones balanced minimizes menstrual cramping.Boosting endorphins with exerciseExercise promotes the release of chemicals known as endorphins. Not only do endorphins trigger positive feelings in the body, [...]
OAB: When The Bathroom Won’t Wait Overactive bladder (OAB) causes a sudden, often uncontrollable, urge to urinate. This can be an embarrassing condition, especially when it causes incontinence. Many people who suffer from OAB tend to isolate themselves and limit work or social activities. Fortunately, there are treatments to alleviate symptoms. Symptoms can include a sudden urge to urinate that is hard to control, frequent urination (more than eight times in 24 hours), and slight incontinence after an urgent need to urinate. OAB can also cause awakening twice or more during the night to urinate. When you can’t cross your legs When people who suffer from OAB feel the need to urinate, it often feels as though they cannot wait. This is because OAB causes the bladder’s muscles to begin to contract involuntarily, even though there may not be much urine in the bladder. People who have diabetes, a neurological disorder, or a severe urinary tract infection are more prone to OAB. Other risk factors include aging, incomplete bladder emptying, and an enlarged prostate. Don’t be a wallflower with OAB OAB can cause anxiety, emotional distress, and depression, particularly if it is accompanied by incontinence. But OAB does not mean sufferers have to isolate themselves or stop participating in activities they enjoy. Medical treatment can provide an effective solution to urinary symptoms. The doctor’s orders Doctors often recommend bladder training to relieve OAB. Bladder training involves the patient resisting the urge to urinate for just a few minutes before going to the bathroom. Gradually, over time, the waiting period is increased until the patient can wait up to an hour or more before going to the bathroom. If symptoms are severe, some doctors may [...]
What Is Vaginal Dryness? Vaginal dryness is a result of depleted estrogen levels. It is a common condition for many women who are going through menopause. Vaginal dryness can also happen at other times in a woman’s life for several reasons. Treatment for this condition may involve estrogen replacement therapy. A Female Taboo: Vaginal Dryness Cause and Effect Although menopause is the most common cause of vaginal dryness, because of low estrogen levels, it may also be due to other conditions which decrease estrogen. These include breastfeeding, smoking, immune disorder, or oophorectomy. The estrogen hormone helps to keep the vagina lubricated, maintain its elasticity, and keep a healthy pH balance. When it is reduced, it causes the vaginal tissues to thin and produce less lubrication. Vaginal dryness can cause a burning or itching sensation. It can also result in painful intercourse and light bleeding after intercourse. These symptoms can cause anxiety and depression for some women, who may feel uncomfortable discussing the condition with their doctor. Speaking out and seeking treatment Vaginal dryness is not something women should feel embarrassed about. It is a common condition for women of all ages. In fact, 25% of women who take birth control pills experience vaginal dryness. The good news is, vaginal dryness can be easily treated. The first step is talking to a doctor. Although this can be a difficult subject to talk about discussing symptoms with a physician is important in finding a solution. Writing down the symptoms and giving the list to the doctor at the beginning of the appointment can also help. Next stop: treatment options Once any serious conditions have been ruled out, there are several treatment options which will lubricate the [...]
Causes Of Fibrocystic Breast Disease Fibrocystic breast changes are not uncommon. More than 50% of women experience some type of fibrocystic breast disease at some point. This condition has become some common, many medical professionals refer to the disease as a fibrocystic breast. Though the exact cause of this condition is not known, medical experts believe that reproductive hormones, particularly estrogen, play a role. Fibrocystic breast changes are typically more troublesome right before a menstrual period; the discomfort will usually lessen once menstruation starts. Symptoms of fibrocystic breast changes Many women who go through fibrocystic breast changes do not notice any symptoms; while others experience breast lumpiness and soreness. Some women may also experience swollen breasts and nipple tenderness. Fibrocystic breast changes may affect one or both breasts. Keeping track of changes Fibrocystic breast changes do not increase the chance of breast cancer. However, women who are concerned about these changes should consult a physician. The doctor may recommend one or more of the following tests: Clinical breast examination The doctor will manually examine the breasts and the lymph nodes located under the armpits and in the lower neck for any unusual swellings. Should the doctor finds any atypical lumps, typically another examination is recommended after the next menstrual cycle. If the lumps are still there, the physician will usually order an ultrasound or mammogram for further evaluation. Mammogram A mammogram is a type of X-ray that can be used to examine a particular area of concern in the breast tissue. Mammograms are used to look for signs of breast cancer. The images are detailed, and can often pick up early signs of breast cancer. Ultrasound Women who are aged 30 or [...]